rulers and compasses arent required in order to bisect an angle because when bisecting angles, you're making a "half circle" and considering in order to bisect an angle it wouldn't be straight, you wouldn't need either of the two
i think it is everything has to equal 180 so, if i correct 4=c. 6=d. 8=a. 7=b. and the last question would be c. because they are parallel lines and they are congruent.
the reason everything has to equal to 180 is because that is how it works. i'm guessing that is its rule. 4 and 8 are congruent and parallel so, that would be 30+30 because they have the same number. it would equal 60. 6 and 7 are congruent and parallel so, that would be 30+30 because they have the same number. it would equal 60. 60+60 is 180. so, now you have your answer