The correct answer is C.
Brown v. Board of Education was a case that led to the enactment of a landmark decision by the US Supreme Court in 1954.
The case was about the constitutionality of the "separate but equal" lemma that was accepted in a former decision enacted by the US Supreme Court in 1896 in the Plessy v. Ferguson case. Such decision allowed the proliferation of segregated schools under the belief that, if facilities were equal in quality, such education system was not violating the equality of rights provision that had been guaranteed for all US citizens by the Reconstruction Amendments to the US Constitution.
Brown v. Board of Education overturned the abovementioned previous Supreme Court decision and declared segregation unconstitutional, claming that, in practice, it actually made black students feel inferior. The court published a deadline and all public schools nationwide had to abolish such practice and to adopt racial integration.
The correct answer is C. As a direct result of the decision in Brown v. Board of Education, the process of desegregation began in all public schools throughout the country.
The immediate outcome of this decision was the end of de jure racial segregation in American public education institutions (although in fact it continued for several more years in several localities), when it was determined by the judges that the "Equal Protection Clause" of the 14th Amendment of the Constitution was being violated. The decision paved the way for desegregation in the country's public institutions and became a landmark for the Civil Rights Movement in the United States.