the answer for 3 is b and the answer for 4 is d
affirmative action refers to the policies that take gender, race, or ethnicity into account in order to promote equal opportunity.
employers subject to title vii are prohibited from taking race or sex into account in any employment decisions. aa is a penalty for having any job group substantially statistically "underutilized" in any race or either sex. the employer must take steps to eliminate the underutilization, then stop, ending its aa efforts
The northern portion of Jammu and Kashmir regions have had low population density because of the mountainous terrain.
The regions of Jammu and Kashmir are both located in Afghanistan, presenting two of the three large regions of the country. Both regions have mixed topography, with Jammu being much lower on average than Kashmir. The northern part of Jammu and Kashmir are areas that have low population densities, and there are several factors that have contributed to this, such as:high mountainslow precipitationharsh climatepoor soil
While the majority of the Jammu region is dominated by lowlands, its northern portion is dominated by the Paropamisus Mountains, which are very inhospitable. The majority of the territory of Kashmir is occupied by the same mountains too. The bad living conditions on the Paropamisus Mountains meant that the people avoided this region, and still do, so the population density is very low.
Learn more about Kashmir