What was the primary motive behind president franklin d. roosevelt’s 1937 proposal to add members to the supreme court?

1. removal of republican justices from the court
2. ending the court’s use of judicial review
3. assuring united states neutrality at the start of world war 2
4. protection of new deal programs from unfavorable court decisions


The primary motive behind President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s 1937 proposal to add members to the Supreme Court was "(4) protection of New Deal programs from unfavorable Court decisions," since much of the New Deal was being challenged in the court system. 
On February 5, 1937, President Franklin Roosevelt announces a controversial plan to expand the Supreme Court, to as many as 15 judges, just to make it more efficient. Critics immediately charged that Roosevelt was trying to “pack” the court and thus neutralize Supreme Court justices hostile to his New Deal.
On February 5, 1937, President Franklin Roosevelt announces a controversial plan to expand the Supreme Court to as many as 15 judges, allegedly to make it more efficient. Critics immediately charged that Roosevelt was trying to “pack” the court and thus neutralize Supreme Court justices hostile to his New Deal.

During the previous two years, the high court had struck down several key pieces of New Deal legislation on the grounds that the laws delegated an unconstitutional amount of authority to the executive branch and the federal government. Flushed with his landslide reelection in 1936, President Roosevelt issued a proposal in February 1937 to provide retirement at full pay for all members of the court over 70. If a justice refused to retire, an “assistant” with full voting rights was to be appointed, thus ensuring Roosevelt a liberal majority. Most Republicans and many Democrats in Congress opposed the so-called “court-packing” plan.

Hello there! How are you doing? I'll answer the question now.

So basically, the answer is answer 4, because Franklin wanted to add more justices to protect government and to keep it unbiased, and for the unfavorable court decisions to not be there anymore. Also so the 2 parties, Republican and Democrat, will be able to have more chances to get on the Supreme Court and balance it out basically is what I'm saying there.

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