How did the protestant reformation and scientific revolution advance individualism and liberal reforms?


payments were made after the 1940s.

in the 1980s, a commission held investigations and made recommendations.

the articles of confederation only set up the continental congress at the federal level. there were no executive or judicial branches except within the states. the states were allowed to keep every right that was not specifically given to congress. the bonding of the states was through a 'firm league of friendship' that best served as a defense agreement against invasion. states were not allowed to use taxes as a way to discourage treaties, and states were extremely limited in their dealings with foreign nations.

not many historians today talk about the strengths of the articles of confederation, likely because of how unpopular the document quickly became. the articles did set the legislative body, congress, as the highest power in the nation because of the fear of monarchy. congress had the sole power to declare war, assign treaties, entertain foreign relations, and operate post offices. disputes between states and territorial issues were to be brought to congress. the document also stipulated that canada was allowed to enter the union if they desired.

there were more weaknesses than strengths under the articles of confederation. the lack of power given to the continental congress strangled the federal government. the articles gave congress the power to pass laws but no power to enforce those laws. if a state did not support a federal law, that state could simply ignore it. congress had no power to levy taxes or regulate trade. without a federal court system or executive leader, there would be no way to enforce these laws, either. amending the articles of confederation would also require a unanimous decision, which would be extremely difficult.

Both of these movements caused a lasting impact on European society.

Protestant Reformation brought awareness among people who begin to question the teachings of the Catholic church. They started to realize the power of individuality and how can it bring changes in society leading to the rise of capitalism.  

The scientific revolution was the product of the protestant revolution. Many things were invented, for example, the printing press which helped to spread the original copies of the bible. These reformations encouraged people to discard old beliefs.

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