Latitude is the answer
Elevation or Altitude effect climate
Prevailing global wind patterns
Effects of Geography
Surface of the Earth
Climate change over time
Climate is the long-term pattern of weather in a particular area. Latitude is the greatest factor that determines climate in any given location. Correct C Latitude provides the location of a place north or south of the equator and is expressed by angular measurements ranging from 0° at the equator to 90° at the poles. Latitude determines climate, because different latitudes on Earth receive different amounts of sunlight. Higher latitudes receive less heat than lower latitude areas nearer the equator and average temperatures cool with increasing latitude, producing well-defined climatic zones on the planet.