Weather is the day-to-day state of the atmosphere, and its short-term variation in minutes to weeks. People generally think of weather as the combination of temperature, humidity, precipitation, cloudiness, visibility, and wind. ... Climate is the weather of a place averaged over a period of time, often 30 years.
As during the day earth heats from sun s short-range wavelength in night radiates out a long-wave from energy, as a result, the latitudes on the earth that are represented by the north and south line away from the equator experience uneven heating.
Air mass that have extremely cold and dry air is been classified as Arctic air mass. ... Equatorial air mass is warm and very moist and can be found in Equatorial region. Tropical air mass is warm and not humid and can be found in Mexico. Air mass plays an important role in controlling the weather significantly
Geographic Equator is static in nature whereas ITCZ changes with respect to the apparent movement of the sun.
Equator is the 0° latitude imaginary line which divides the earth equally into halves and delineate the Northern and Southern hemisphere of the world. The Equator passes through the Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Uganda, Kenya, Indonesia, etc.
Meteorological/ Intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) lies between the 5° North and 5° South which is the low pressure feature having the low pressure system due to the convergence of the North east and the South east trade winds and high insolation.
1.Weather refers to temporary atmospheric conditions that are occurring at a given point and time. Climate refers to the average weather conditions that occur in an area over an extended period.
2.Regions nearer the equator receive sunlight more directly than regions located farther from the equator. As a result, regions near the equator experience warm temperatures all year. Regions located farther from the equator experience more temperature fluctuations.
3.An air mass containing extremely cold, dry air would likely be classified as a continental arctic (cA) air mass.
4.The ITCZ is the point at which trade winds from the Northern Hemisphere converge with trade winds from the Southern Hemisphere. This area typically experiences calm weather.
5.Polar jet streams occur at higher latitudes. They separate the polar easterlies from the prevailing westerlies. Tropical jet streams occur at lower latitudes. They separate the trade winds from the prevailing westerlies.