Which describes a solution that contains a system at equilibrium? explain your answer. a. one in which the color is not changing due to the rate that the product forms is equal to the rate the reactant reforms.
b. one in which the color of the solution is changing slowly due to the formation of the product
c. one in which the color of the solution is changing slowly due to the formation of the reactants
d. one in which the color is not changing due to all reactions have stopped

Answers

The solution where the color is not changing is at eqiulibrium. If the color is still changing, then the concentrations in the solution are still changing and the system is not at equilibrium. 

2. 
When Br- is added, the reaction occurs in the forward direction to use up some of the excess Br- added (LeChatelier's principle). 
a. 
Cu(H2O)6+2 - decreases 
Br- - increases, because not all the added Br- is consumed 
H2O - increases 
CuBr4-2 - increases 
b.  
K doesn't change unless the temperature changes. 
c. 
The color would change from bluish to greenish because te Cu(H2O)2+ (blue) is decreasing and the CuBr4(2-) (green) is increasing. 
d. 
The tube would feel cooler because the forward reaction occurs to use up some of the added Br-. Heat is removed from the surroundings when the forward reaction occurs, so the tube feels cooler. 
3. 
Mg(OH)2(s) <==> Mg+2 + 2 OH- To make this reaction proceed to the right, you need to remove either Mg2+ or OH-. One way of removing OH- is to add an acid. The molecular equation is: Mg(OH)2 + 2HCl ---> MgCl2 + 2H2O The HCl effectively removes OH-, which causes the Mg(OH)2 to dissolve to replace some of the OH- being removed by the acid. 
4. 
CO + 2H2 <==> CH3OH + heat 
Both a. and c.  
Adding CO causes the forward reaction to occur as the system tries to use up some of the excess CO. 
Removing CH3OH also causes the forward reaction to occur as the system tries to replace some of the CH3OH being removed.

A solution that contains a system at equilibrium is the one in which there is no change in color

Explanation:

If the color of the solution changes slowly it means that the equilibrium shifts towards the right. This happens when we add the reactant and the equilibria move towards the right that is away form the reactant increasing the product formation. But when there is no change in color it means the reaction is constant and there is a state where the concentrations of reactant and product are not changing and are constant.

Hence, the solution in which the color is not changing is at equilibrium.

A

Explanation:

A reactionis said to be at equilibrium when the rate of forward reaction equals the rate of reverse reaction. That means the rate at which the product is formed equals the rate at which the reactants are reformed. The colour of the solution does not change at this point because the both reactions are exactly balanced.



Do you know the answer?

Other questions on the subject: Chemistry

when the volume of gas is   changed from   717.73 ml   to 852 ml   the temperature will   change   from 315   c to 452   c    ...Read More
1 more answers
Chemistry, 22.06.2019, faithabossard
The scientist can control for more confounding variables.The interaction is simpler, so it’s easier to study.The experiment can more readily be repeated.Plato users this is correct...Read More
3 more answers
Chemistry, 22.06.2019, cody6187
True , because gravity is a force of nature. Matter (energy) does attract other matter...Read More
2 more answers
Chemistry, 22.06.2019, shiann2002
The answer is A :) as the rocks and mineral erode , its being added into our ocean ....Read More
3 more answers