Read the following pathways carefully. then, choose the pathway that correctly shows the relationships between atp, adp, chemical bonds, and energy.

Answers

Adenosine TRI phosphate (ATP) while ADP is adenosine DI phosphate. ATP has a third phosphate group stuck on the end of the molecule. Phosphates are big, bulky moieties, and it is hard to add a third group onto an ADP molecule that already has two. Also, they have a strong net negative charge - so that makes it doubly hard to push negative charges together. So the bond between the third phosphate group and the rest of the ATP molecule is very high energy - it takes a lot of energy to form it. A
Adenosine TRI phosphate (ATP) is just like adenosine DI phosphate (ADP), except that ATP has a third phosphate group stuck on the end of the molecule. Think about what that phosphate group does for the molecule. Phosphates are big, bulky moieties, so it is difficult to cram a third group onto an ADP molecule that already has two. Also, they have a strong net negative charge - so that makes it doubly hard to push negative charges together. So the bond between the third phosphate group and the rest of the ATP molecule is very high energy - it takes a lot of energy to form it.

The structural difference:

ATP and ADP both have similar structures, except for the fact that ATP has three phosphates while ADP only has 2.

Functional difference:

ATP is the main energy carrier, and it's like the "currency" for any living organism. Once ATP is used, it becomes ADP because the extra phosphate is used up for the energy. ADP will become ATP again through the cellular respiration process.

The main answer is bolded but u can add on the other information if necessary

The plasma membrane is the selectively permeable membrane that helps in the transportation of molecules. Two main types of the transport are active transport and passive transport.

The protein pumps are used for the transportation of selected molecules against the concentration gradient. The ATP molecule is used for the transportation of molecules by the protein pumps. The large molecules and ions are transported across the membrane by the use of ATP molecules through the protein pump.

Protein pumps use ATP to move molecules or ions into the cell membrane. Most of the time they are working against the concentration gradient meaning large molecules like sugars have to be pumped from areas of lower concentration to high concentration. This requires the use of ATP. Therefore, there is a direct relation between ATP and Protein pumps because the more ATP being used means the more molecules or ions are being pumped.

ATP is like a rechargeable battery and ADP is like an uncharged battery.  ATP gives off vitality by  discharging phosphate when required within the cell. From there it becomes ADP. ADP is able to store the phosphate and it gets to be ATP once more. This cycle rehashes itself over and over again.

Please correct any mistakes in my paragraph. I'd be happy to fix it!!! :)

ATP is a high power molecule that converts to low-power ADP to continue the process of glycolysis.

1. The correct option is ADENOSINE TRIPHOSPHATE, ATP. ATP is the basic unit of energy transfer in the living cells. ATP is the principal energy source for metabolic functions, in the cells, ATP are consumed by endothermic metabolic reactions and they are produced by exothermic metabolic reactions.

2. To form ATP, A THIRD PHOSPHATE GROUP HAS TO BE ADDED TO ADP. ADP has two phosphate groups while ATP has three phosphate group. ADP is usulally converted to ATP by the addition of a single phosphate group.

3. ADP and ATP work together and the two can be interconverted. ATP can be hydrolysed to ADP and ADP can be converted to ATP by the addition of a single phosphate group. When energy is needed inside a cell, the ATP will split off one of its phosphate group and become ADP. This split off process produce a high qunatity of energy which is then available for the cell to use.

The correct answer would be "ATP → ADP + Pi + energy" .

ATP (adenosine triphosphate) is used as a power currency of the cell.

ATP hydrolysis results in the formation of adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and inorganic phosphate group (Pi).  

It results in the release of lots of energy which is used by the cell to perform various functions.

#2 ATP = Adp+p+energy


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